Where should we rebuild after a disaster?

Authors:
Jamie McCaughey, Ibnu Mundzir,
Saiful Mahdi, and Patrick Daly

In 2004, a devastating tsunami struck coastlines around the Indian Ocean. Examining the long-term recovery of the city of Banda Aceh, Indonesia, we found that reconstruction aid provided mostly near the coast, combined with many people's preferences to move to safer areas instead, has had the unintended consequence that the poor have become disproportionately exposed to coastal hazards.

We published these findings in Nature Sustainability (see also a commentary  and blog post). For this and other studies, researchers from the Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University teamed up with our colleagues at the International Centre for Aceh and Indian Ocean Studies and Syiah Kuala University in Banda Aceh, Indonesia.

Banda Aceh and surroundings after reconstruction. The tsunami reached ~3 km inland across the low-lying terrain. Following this, the international reconstruction effort rebuilt mostly in-place in areas near the coast


As we detail in our paper and  blog post, this study looks at the question of where to rebuild after a disaster. This decision often involves a difficult tradeoff: rebuilding in-place puts people back in disaster-prone areas, yet mass relocation projects often have negative impacts on people's livelihoods, land rights, and connections to their community. The international humanitarian sector often favors rebuilding in-place, but is this always what people want after a devastating disaster?

Read more: Where should we rebuild after a disaster?

Vitamin C untuk Penggemar MedSos

By : Rizanna Rosemary
PhD candidate in Health Communication di Department of Media and Communication,
Faculty of Arts and Social Science, University of Sydney, Australia

buIjan edit

Sejak kapan netizen butuh vitamin, khususnya vitamin C; dan apa kaitannya dengan media sosial? Barangkali demikian pertanyaan pembaca saat membaca judul tulisan ini. 

Sebelum bicara hubungan vitamin C dengan media sosial atau medsos, jawaban penulis tentang vitamin C cukup sederhana. Sebagaimana yang sakit butuh obat dan vitamin untuk proses penyembuhan, yang tidak sakit pun perlu vitamin untuk menjaga stamina dan kesehatan tubuhnya. Nah, vitamin C yang dimaksud dalam tulisan ini boleh jadi berbeda secara bentuk dengan vitamin yang dikonsumsi dua kelompok tersebut diatas. Tapi yang penulis maksud adalah sama secara sifat dan fungsi dengan definisi vitamin sebagai suplemen yang biasa dikonsumsi orang untuk membantu proses pertumbuhan dan perbaikan jaringan dalam tubuhnya. 

Sayangnya, analogi tersebut barangkali tidak sesederhana ketika berbicara tentang dunia media online atau medsos yang penuh warna dan dinamika. Khususnya bicara tentang perilaku penggunanya—netizen, yang semakin hari membuat kita terbelalak; antara terpana karena kagum akan cepat dan banyaknya informasi yang diperbincangkan dan dipertukarkan netizen, atau sebaliknya terganggu dengan berbagai jawaban dan komentar penggunanya yang terkadang provokatif dan mengandung kebencian.

Read more: Vitamin C untuk Penggemar MedSos

Apa Salah si Kambing Hitam

By : Adri Syakir
Penulis adalah lulusan Universitas Syiah Kuala
Email :adri.syakir@gmail.com

fotoAdri

Kalau orang bule punya istilah “scapegoat”, orang Indonesia tidak mau kalah membuat istilah sendiri, “Kambing Hitam”.  Siapa yang tidak tahu kambing hitam? Sepertinya kebanyakan orang Indonesia mengetahui apa makna kambing hitam, makhluk populer teman “buaya darat”. Konotasi kambing hitam memang sarat dengan hal negatif, pesakitan, tumbal alias pihak yang disalahkan, tapi konotasinya akan berubah positif kalau si kambing diolah menjadi gulai kambing atau kambing guling.

Fenomena kambing hitam atau mengkambing hitamkan orang lain sudah menjamur di masyarakat sejak dulu, bahkan sejak Negara ini belum merdeka, atau mungkin lebih lama lagi, siapa yang tahu. Secara istilah, kambing hitam bermakna orang atau suatu faktor eksternal yang sebenarnya tidak bersalah, tetapi dituduh bersalah atau dijadikan tumpuan kesalahan. Namun masyarakat Indonesia tidak perlu berkecil hati, fenomena ini terjadi juga pada masyarakat di seluruh dunia baik di negara maju, berkembang, atau miskin. Tentu saja embel-embel Indonesia sudah merdeka namun pemikiran masyarakat masih terjajah, tidak akan mempan menjelaskan fenomena “perkambinghitaman” ini.

Read more: Apa Salah si Kambing Hitam

Habaib in Southeast Asia: A Review

By : Nia Deliana
A Lecturer in International Islamic University of Malaysia

nia

Ismail Fajri Alatas, “Habaib in South East Asia” in The Encyclopedia of Islam Volume III edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Kramer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, and Everett Rowson, Leiden : Brill, 2018.

A subtitle “Habaib in Southeast Asia” authored by Ismail Fajri al Attas published in The Encyclopedia of Islam Volume III gives a brief description on the origin and role transformation of the Habaib in Southeast Asia as early as 15 th to the present time. It is crucial to note here that this referential works give no attention to the role of Aceh in the transformation of the Habaib in this region.

It begin with explaining the terminology of the words and its meaning. ‘Habib’ is a label awarded by the indigenous population as a gratitude to a prophet descendant traced their lineage to Ahmad bin Isa, the grand grandson of the prophet Muhammad SAW who emigrated from Basra to Hadhramawt in the 10 th century, in which later they pioneered numerous religious and political establishments. One of them is in Sufism field where Tariqat al Alawiyyah flourished and spread to Southeast Asia which persisted till the very present time. In these 4 pages narratives, Prof Alatas mentioned that the Habib was the earliest known Muslim missionaries in Southeast Asia, traced their existence to the 15 th century period. Yes, their origin in this area is pretty much debatable where one of the arguments indeed relates evidences of their existence as early as 9th century, appointing to inhibition of Lamuri, a long lost area once situated in the Northern part of Sumatra.

Read more: Habaib in Southeast Asia: A Review

Restoring Faith: Women Entrepreneurs in Post-tsunami Aceh

Salmawati, Abon Ikan Home Industry
Written by 
Maida Irawani

I had no idea about Seasoned fish meat floss (“abon ikan) until my husband shared the recipe to me after he participated on a Seasoned fish meat floss training organized by Banda Aceh Mayor Office in 1998. I was so curious about it as I never knew how it looks like and the taste. At first, I tried to cook it and the taste was strange, too sweet and not delicious. I was sure that Acehnese would not like it.

I did not give up and keep trying for many times, as I really wanted to earn additional income to support my family. My daughter initiated to sell my abon ikan in her school and many students bought it. However I received complaints from students’ parent, as they did not know what the product was, no product label and they did not familiar with abon. Later I had to organize P-IRT permit (food industry household permit) and we decided to put our son’s name on our product name “ Abon Tuna Saputra”.

The product was accepted in the market and our life change afterwards. I received many orders for my product and became well known after being promoted on TV and also my factory was visited by the previous Indonesian president, Megawati.  I was invited to be Abon trainer and my business kept growing and successful. I had 18 workers who worked with me to produce tuna abon industry and later our business was expanded. Tragically, tsunami 2004 killed three of my children and destroyed house and all business that we had established.

Read more: Restoring Faith: Women Entrepreneurs in Post-tsunami Aceh

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Popular Article

Vitamin C untuk Penggemar MedSos
by : Rizanna Rosemary
buIjan edit


Habaib in Southeast Asia: A Review
by : Nia Deliana
nia


 Apa Salah si Kambing Hitam
by : Adri Syakir
fotoAdri


 

 

 

 

 

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