Aftermath of Aid (AOA)

The Aftermath of Aid (AoA) Project is a collaboration between EOS and the International Centre for Aceh and Indian Ocean Studies (ICAIOS). Started in 
2012, the AoA Project is an intensive field-based study of the sustainability of reconstruction aid provided to communities in Aceh, Indonesia affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. The international aid efforts following the tsunami were unprecedented in their scope, and life changing for hundreds of thousands of people. This included an expansive program for building Aceh ‘back better’ – which involved donor-supported programs to increase resilience, reduce vulnerabilities, and transform underlying social, economic and political structures. From an academic perspective we explore the relationship between recovery and reconstruction, map out community-level changes, and critically engage with concepts such as ‘sustainability’, ‘resilience’ and ‘capacity.’ From a practitioner perspective we analyze the variables that influenced the longer-term success of aid interventions.


We conducted four years of primary data collection between 2012 and 2016 in over 100 villages in Aceh. Our survey methods were designed to provide a robust quantitative, qualitative and technical dataset that is broadly representative of tsunami-affected Aceh.

Our work concentrates on seven main sectors:

Housing & Built Environment: Dr. Laina Himasari, Syiah Kuala University; 
Dr. Patrick Daly, EOS; Desi Safriana
Village Livelihoods: Dr. Patrick Daly, EOS; Professor Eka Srimulyani, UIN Ar 
Raniry; Dr. Syaifullah Muhammad, Syiah Kuala University; Agus Halim, Syiah Kuala University 
Governance & Civil Society: Dr. Craig Thorburn, University of Melbourne; 
Dr. Jesse Grayman, University of Auckland; Dr. Bryan Rochelle
Demography & Family: Dr. Saiful Mahdi, Syiah Kuala University; Raudhatul 
Jannah, ICAIOS
Earthquake and Tsunami Risk: Jamie McCaughey, EOS; Ibnu Mundzir, 
ICAIOS; Rizanna Rosemary, Syiah Kuala University; Lely Safrina, Syiah Kuala University 
Gender: Professor Eka Srimulyani UIN Ar Raniry; Dr. Marjaana Jauhola, 
University of Helsinki; Maida Irawani, ICAIOS 
Relocation & Resettlement: Ibnu Mundzir, ICAIOS, Dr. Patrick Daly, EOS; 
Jamie Mccaughey, EOS

The mapping and spatial analysis for the project is conducted by the Syiah Kuala University GIS Laboratory under the supervision of Dr. Nizamuddin, Dr. Muzailin Affan, and Ardiansyah.

Project Years: 

2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
EOS website : https://www.earthobservatory.sg/project/aftermath-aid


Rehabilitasi Pertanian dan Budidaya Perairan Pesisir Setelah Peristiwa Genangan: Analisa Spasial Terhadap Pemulihan Penghidupan Pasca Tsunami di Aceh, Indonesia

Author :
Patrick Daly , Agus Halim, Nizamuddin, Ardiansyah, Divya Hundlani, Ezra Ho, Saiful Mahdi

 

Abstract :

Paper ini membahas analisa sistem informasi geografis (geographic information system, GIS) terhadap penggunaan lahan berdasarkan citra satelit dalam rangkaian waktu yang berbeda untuk menghitung pemulihan pertanian padi dan budidaya perairan pada masyarakat pesisir di Aceh, Indonesia setelah tsunami Samudera Hindia 2004. Kami melengkapi analisa tersebut dengan data kualitatif untuk memberikan ilustrasi mengenai berbagai tantangan pasca bencana yang dihadapi oleh masyarakat dan sejauh mana masyarakat pesisir telah menyesuaikan diri dengan keadaan pasca tsunami. Analisa kami menunjukkan bahwa rehabilitasi pertanian padi dan budidaya perairan di daerah yang dilanda tsunami telah dibatasi oleh luasnya degradasi tanah, pergantian pekerja akibat kematian tsunami dan peralihan pekerjaan, dan perubahan fungsi lahan pertanian menjadi daerah pemukiman pada masa rekonstruksi. Hal ini terutama menonjol di daerah dimana kegiatan pertanian untuk menyambung hidup (subsistence) bukanlah sumber utama penghidupan. Studi kasus di Aceh ini menunjukkan bahwa faktor-faktor sosial, ekonomi, dan lingkungan dapat menjadi penentu yang lebih kuat terhadap kebangkitan dan perubahan penghidupan di daerah pesisir pasca genangan yang merusak dibandingkan bantuan rehabilitasi. Selain itu, studi kasus kami menunjukkan bahwa dampak kerusakan pesisir pada manusia dapat dirasakan sampai di luar wilayah jangkauan genangan secara fisik.




 

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